Noticias | 2 diciembre, 2020
Nueva publicación del Investigador David Sulmont
"To be or not to be? Material incentives and indigenous identification in Latin America"
es la nueva publicación del investigador David Sulmont
, junto al investigador Rene Flores, de la Universidad de Chicago, en el Journal Ethnic and Racial Studies de Taylor & Francis.
Latin American governments have recently implemented race conscious policies to provide resources to stigmatized groups like indigenous people. Nevertheless, critics have questioned the legitimacy of these policies and argued that they could artificially induce indigenous identification. Such claim, however, has never been tested. We use a causal inference approach based on nationally-representative survey experiments applied door-to-door in Mexico and Peru to examine whether material incentives can indeed encourage indigenous identification. Our results are counterintuitive. Reminding respondents of potential material benefits of indigenous identification does not increase such identification. It reduces it. We theorize this negative effect may be driven by the fact that receiving social benefits is stigmatized. Our findings call into question critics’ concerns that ethnic-based redistributive policies necessarily incentivize ethnic identification. These results not only provide compelling evidence of the social construction of ethnic identities, but they also seemingly challenge purely instrumentalist models of ethnic identification.
¡Felicitamos a nuestro investigador por esta nueva publicación!